Craniosynostosis is a congenital (present at birth) cranial defect in which the sutures of a baby’s head close too early. Sutures are the rigid joints between the bony plates in a newborn’s head. As an infant grows and develops, the sutures close and harden to form one solid bone, the skull. Craniosynostosis causes problems with normal growth of the brain and skull, often leading to an abnormally shaped head. Use of the SSRI antidepressant drug Zoloft during pregnancy has been linked to an increased risk of this birth defect.
There are three different types of Craniosynostosis:
Scaphocephaly (sagittal synostosis)
Scaphecephaly is the most common type of Craniosynostosis. It occurs when the main (sagittal) suture, at the top center of the head running front to back, closes early and causes the head to grow long and narrow, instead of wide. Infants with saggital synostosis are prone to have a broad forehead. Scaphecephaly is more common in boys than girls.
Plagiocephaly (coronal synostosis)
Plagiocephaly is the next most common type. It involves early closure of either the right or left side of the coronal suture that runs from ear to ear on the top of the head. Coronal synostosis causes a malformation of the head marked by a diagonal slant to the main axis of the skull. Plagiocephaly sometimes is called “flat head syndrome” and is more common in girls than boys.
Trigonocephaly (metopic synostosis)
Trigonocephaly is a rare form of Craniosynostosis. It affects the metopic (forehead) suture on the top of the head that runs toward the nose down the middle of the forehead. Metopic synostosis can cause the forehead to appear triangular and pointed with a ridge running down the front. Trigonocephaly also may result in the eyes being abnormally close to one another.
Most cases of craniosynostosis require surgery to separate the fused bones of the skull. Surgery usually is performed within the first few months of life while the baby is still an infant. The goal of the surgery is to relieve pressure on the child’s brain, make room for the brain to grow normally, and improve the appearance of the child’s head and face. Some mild cases of craniosynostosis do not require treatment.
How well a child does depends on how many sutures are involved and whether the child has other birth defects. Children who have corrective surgery usually do well, especially those whose condition is not the result of a genetic disorder. If a child does not get proper treatment when needed, craniosynostosis can result in a permanent and severe head deformity. Increased intracranial pressure (pressure within the skull), seizures, and developmental delay may result.
Craniosynostosis Zolot Lawsuit
If you or a loved on took Zoloft during pregnancy and your child was diagnosed with craniosynostisis, you may be entitled to file a claim for financial compensation.
Contact us today for a free, confidential consultation with a Zoloft lawsuit attorney. We are available 24 hours a day. Act now to learn about your legal options.